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Present Simple Tense

Present simple tense is used to state an action which occurs on regular basis in present. These actions include habitual or repeated actions, scheduled actions occurring on regular basis; and facts that stand true all the time.

The following examples express actions occurring on regular basis or facts that stand true all the time.

He works in a factory.                                                                   
He plays football.                                                            
She loves her kids.                                                         
The sun rises in the east.                                                                             
The shop closes at 9 P.M.                                                            

Structure of Sentence:

Base form (1st form) of the verb will be used as a main verb in the sentence.

  POSITIVE SENTENCES

 Subject + Main verb + Object
 Subject + Base form of verb + Object

Note: If the subject of the sentence is “she, it, he, a singular noun”, then “-es” or “-s” will be added to main verb in the sentence.

Examples:
She goes to college daily.
He works in a hospital.
He likes music.
I listen to News daily.
The kids smile to see their mother.
She writes me a letter.
We get salary each month.
Water flows in the river.
He sleeps at 10 PM
They play football in the playground
Kids watch cartoon.

  NEGATIVE SENTENCES:

 Subject + Auxiliary verb + NOT + Main verb + Object
 Subject + Do not or Does not + Base form of  verb + Object

Note: If the subject of a sentence is “she, he, it, or a singular noun”, the auxiliary-verb “Does not” will be used in negative sentence. If the subject of a sentence is “we, I, you, they or a plural noun” then auxiliary verb “Do not” will be used in negative sentences.

Examples.
I do not eat vegetables.
You do not go to university.
He does not like swimming.
She does not smoke.
They do not play guitars
Kids do not like medicine.
You do not take physical exercise in the evening.
She does not drive her car.
Sara does not sing a song.
They do not need any help.

  QUESTION SENTENCES

 Auxiliary verb + Subject + Main verb + Object
 Do/Does + A Subject + Base form of verb + Object

Remember: If the subject of a sentence is “she, he, it, or a singular noun”, the sentence will start with auxiliary-verb “Does”. If the subject of a sentence is “we, I, you, they or a plural noun” , the sentence will with auxiliary-verb “Do”.

Examples:
Do you need some help?
Does he want to take admission in the college?
Does she like music?
Do they come in time?
Do they study their books?
Does David play the game properly?
Do I ask you something?
Does he drive safely?
Do I teach you?
Do you sleep?