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Pronoun

A pronoun is a word which is used instead of a noun.

e.g. she, he, they, it, her, his, him, its

A pronoun is used instead of a noun to avoid repetition of a noun in an essay. Read the following paragraph:

"David is an eighteen years old boy. He lives in a small village. He loves the people of his village. He always helps the poor people his village. He studies Biology. He wants to become a doctor to provide medical services to the people of his village."

In the above paragraph, a pronoun ‘he’ is used instead of noun ‘David’ in the sentences. The pronoun ‘he’ is used to avoid the repetition of noun ‘David’ again and again in the same paragraph. Such a word is called a pronoun.

Examples:
He, she, it, they, you, I, we, who, him, her, them, me, us, whom, his, its, their, your, mine, our and whose, myself, himself, herself , yourself,  which, this, that these, those’  are the commonly used pronouns.

Read the following examples. Bold words are nouns and the underlined are the pronouns.

Sara is a student. She goes to college daily. She got high marks in exam. She is very happy.  

I saw a dog in the street. It was barking at a stranger. It ran after the stranger.

Boys are very happy today. They are dancing in the room. They are singing songs.

A girl was crying in the room. I looked at her.  I asked her why she was crying. She replied that she was hungry and she had no money to buy food. I gave her some food. She ate the food and became happy.

The pronouns having following six types:

Personal Pronouns:  e.g. I, you, He, she, it, they, who, me, him, her, them, whom
Possessive Pronouns: e.g. yours, mine, his, hers, ours, theirs,
Reflexive Pronouns: e.g. myself, himself, herself, itself, yourself, ourselves, themselves
Reciprocal Pronouns: e.g. each other, one another
Relative Pronouns: e.g. who, whom, whose, which, that
Demonstrative Pronouns: e.g. this, these, that, those

Click here to read the "Types of Pronoun"