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Verb

 

     Verb is a word which shows action or state of something.

 

Examples. Write, run, eat, drink, catch, clean, speak, laugh, weep, are some verbs

        He is writing a letter.

 

    In the above example, the verb “write” tells us about the action (writing) of the subject (he). A verb has its subject in sentence and verb tells us what its subject does, did or will do.

 

Verbs describe action or state. Most verbs describe action, such verbs are called “dynamic verb”, for example write, eat, run, speak. Some verbs describe state of something, such verbs are called “stative verb” and are not usually used in continuous tense for example be, impress, please, surprise, belong to, consist of, resemble, seem

Examples.
            He works in a factory(action)
            I boughta computer. (action)
            John seems happy. (state)
            He resembles his brother (state)

Some verbs can be used as dynamic verb as well as stative verb.
Example.
           She looks very beautiful. (look as stative verb)
           She looked at black board. (look as dynamic verb)

 

                    Forms of verb according to tense or time of action.

Verb has three forms according to tense.

  • Base form           2. Past Simple    4. Past participle

 

For example, go—went—gone.Go” is base form, “went” is past simple form, and “gone” is past participle form. These three form may also be named as 1st form, 2nd form and 3rd form of verb, which are denoted by V1, V2 and V3 respectively. “ing” is added to base form verb to make present participle which can be used with auxiliary verb “to be” in continuous tense, for example, go—going, eat—eating, laugh—laughing.

 

                      Formation of past simple and past participle

On the basis formation of past simple and past participle, verb is divided into

  • •Regular verbs
  • •Irregular verbs

 

Regular Verbs.

Some verbs form their past simple and past participle form by adding “-ed” to their base form, such verbs are called regular verbs, for example laugh—laughed—laughed, look—looked—looked.
Some examples

Verb

Base form or V1

Past simple or V2

Past participle or V3

Present participle

To advise advise advised advised Advising
To allow allow allowed allowed Allowing
To enjoy enjoy enjoyed enjoyed Enjoying
To rain rain rained rained Raining
To smile smile smiled smiled Smiling

 

Irregular Verbs.

Some verbs form their past simple and participle in different ways for example, buy—bought—bought, eat—ate—eaten, such verbs are called irregular verbs. 

Some examples

Verb

Base form or V1

Past simple or V2

Past participle or V3

Present participle

To know know knew known Knowing
To go go went gone Going
To drink drink drank drunk Drinking
To hold hold held held Holding
To write wriite wrote written Writing

 

Some verbs remain same in past simple and past participle.

Some example

Verb

Base form or V1

Past simple or V2

Past participle or V3

Present participle

To cut cut cut cut Cutting
To shut shut shut shut Shutting
To spread spread spread spread Spreading
To put put put put Putting
To read read read read reading

 

Main Verbs and Auxiliary or Helping verbs

A sentence can have both main verb and helping verb (auxiliary verb).

Main verb: A verb which has major meaning in terms of action are called main verb, i.e. write, buy, eat etc. 

Helping verb: A verb which supports the main verb to form the structure of sentence, according a specific tense, is called helping verb or auxiliary verb, i.e. is, am, have, was, had, is, will etc.

                                                    (VERB continued to NEXT PAGE)

Parts of Speech

Noun
Verb
Adjective
Adverb
Pronoun
Preposition
Conjunction
Interjection