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Changes in pronoun in Indirect Speech.

 

The pronoun (subject) of the reported speech is changed according to the

pronoun of reporting verb or object (person) of reporting verb (first part of sentence). Sometimes the pronoun may not change.

1. First person pronoun in reported speech i.e. I, we, me, us, mine, or our, is      changed according to the pronoun of reporting verb if pronoun in reporting verb      is third person pronoun i.e. he, she, it, they, him, his, her, them or their.

Examples.
         Direct speech: He said, “I live in New York”
         Indirect speech: He said that he lived in New York.
         Direct speech: They said, “we love our country”
         Indirect speech: They said that they loved their country

2. First person pronoun in reported speech i.e. I, we, me, us, mine, or our, is not     changed if the pronoun (Subject) of reporting is also first person pronoun i.e. I or     we.

Examples.
       Direct speech: I said, “I write a letter”
       Indirect speech: I said that I wrote a letter.
       Direct speech: We said, “we completed our work”
       Indirect speech: We said that we completed our work.

3. Second person pronoun in reported speech i.e. you, yours is changed according     to the person of object of reporting verb.

Examples.
        Direct speech: She said to him, “you are intelligent”
        Indirect speech: She said to him that he was intelligent.
        Direct speech: He said to me, “you are late for the party”
        Indirect speech: He said to me that I was late for the party.

4. Third person pronoun in reported speech i.e. he, she, it, they, him, his, her, them      or their, is not changed in indirect speech.

Examples.
    Direct speech: They said, “he will come”
    Indirect speech: They said that he would come.
    Direct speech: You said, “they are waiting for the bus”
    Indirect speech: You said that they were waiting for the bus.


Changes in time and adverbs in indirect speech.

Time and adverbs are changed in indirect speech.

Examples.

         Direct speech: He said, “I will buy a book tomorrow”
         Indirect speech: He said that he would buy a book the next day.
         Direct speech: She said, “I am happy now”
         Indirect speech: She said that she was happy then.
         Direct speech: He said, “I like this book”
         Indirect speech: He said that he liked that book.

 

Common Rules

Today changes to that day/the same day
Tomorrow changes to the next day/the following day
Yesterday changes to the day before/the previous day
Next week/month/year changes to the following week/month/year
Last week/month/year changes to the previous week/month/year
Now/just changes to then
Ago changes to before
Here changes to there
This changes to that

 

Click on the following links to study each aspect of Direct and Indirect Speech.

a Direct and Indirect Speech
a Table for change in tense of reported speech for all TENSES.
a Indirect speech for Interrogative (question) sentence.
a Indirect speech for sentence having MODALS, “can, may, must, should, ought    to, might, would could”
a Indirect speech for exclamatory and imperative sentences.
a Changes in pronoun, time and adverbs in indirect speech.